Painful and Tender Muscles
Dry Needling Can Reduce Myofascial Pain Related to Trigger Points
Trigger points are irritable, hard "knots" within a muscle that may cause pain over a large area, leading to pain. When a trigger point is touched, it hurts and can also cause pain in nearby areas (see illustration). When a person has painful muscles and trigger points, it is sometimes called myofascial pain syndrome. Trigger points can be located anywhere in the body.
Dry needling is a treatment that involves a very thin needle introduced into the trigger point to shut it down and calm it. Dry needling releases the tight muscle bands associated with trigger points and lead to decreased pain and improved function. In a study published in the September 2013 issue of Journal or Orthopedics and Sports Physical Therapy, a group of researchers analyzed the results of the best clinical studies that have been conducted thus far to determine if dry needling helps to reduce neck and arm pain.